Table 1.

Characteristics of Cohorts

Preterm-Born Young Adults (n=102)Term-Born Young Adults (n=102)P*Term-Born Adults (n=30)PP
Demographics
 Gestational age, wk30.3±2.539.6±0.939.8±0.8
 Age, y25.1±1.425.0±2.635.5±1.8
 Males, n (%)47 (46.1)47 (46.1)14 (46.7)
 Smokers, n (%)20 (19.6)20 (19.6)>0.993 (10.0)0.630.63
Anthropometrics
 Birth weight, g1297.0±286.83460.0±417.03301.9±423.9
 Height, cm169.1±10.0173.5±9.0<0.001169.3±9.6>0.990.01
 Weight, kg73.0±20.569.3±12.50.3379.8±28.90.460.01
 BMI, kg/m224.9±5.422.9±3.10.00327.1±9.60.33<0.001
 BSA, m21.81±0.211.83±0.20>0.991.84±0.21>0.99>0.99
 Waist/hip ratio0.78±0.100.81±0.060.910.81±0.08>0.99>0.99
  • Values as are given as mean±SD unless stated otherwise. P values were adjusted with the Bonferroni method.

  • * Preterm-born young adults versus term-born young adults. Comparisons adjusted for age and sex.

  • Preterm-born young adults versus term-born adults. Comparisons adjusted for sex.

  • Term-born young adults versus term-born adults. Comparisons adjusted for sex.