Table 26-2.

Females and CVD: At-a-Glance Table

Diseases and Risk FactorsBoth SexesTotal FemalesNH White FemalesNH Black FemalesHispanic FemalesNH Asian FemalesNH American Indian/Alaska Native Females
Smoking
 Prevalence, 2014*43.9 M (16.9%)19.5 M (15.1%)18.3%13.4%7.4%5.5%21.6%
PA
 Prevalence, 2014, %*21.4%17.6%23.6%20.0%15.3%17.0%24.0%
Overweight and obesity
 Prevalence, 2012
  Overweight and obesity, BMI >25.0 kg/m2§159.2 M (68.5%)77.7 M (64.7%)61.2%81.9%76.3%
  Obesity, BMI >30.0 kg/m2§81.8 M (35.2%)43.2 M (36.0%)32.5%57.5%42.9%11.0%*42.3%*
Blood cholesterol
 Prevalence, 2012
  Total cholesterol >200 mg/dL§100.1 M (42.8%)54.8 M (44.9%)45.9%40.7%43.4%
  Total cholesterol >240 mg/dL§30.9 M (13.1%)17.9 M (14.4%)15.3%10.9%13.7%
  LDL-C >130 mg/dL§73.5 M (31.7%)38.6 M (32.0%)32.0%33.6%31.8%
  HDL-C <40 mg/dL§44.6 M (19.9%)12.2 M (10.4%)10.2%10.3%12.8%
HBP
 Prevalence, 2012§80.0 M (32.6%)41.7 M (31.7%)30.1%46.1%29.9%26.4%*
 Mortality, 201371 94238 37927 446723023621875420
DM
 Prevalence, 2012
  Physician-diagnosed DM§21.1 M (8.5%)10.6 M (8.0%)6.1%14.6%11.8%
  Undiagnosed DM§8.1 M (3.3%)3.0 M (2.4%)1.7%2.3%5.0%
  Prediabetes§80.8 M (35.3%)34.4 M (28.4%)28.9%27.8%26.0%
  Incidence, diagnosed DM§1.7 M
  Mortality, 201375 57835 73723 490694136982271922
Total CVD
 Prevalence, 2012§85.6 M (35.0%)43.8 M (33.7%)31.9%48.3%32.5%
 Mortality, 2013800 937398 086317 32148 13820 97618 8193895
Stroke
 Prevalence, 2012§6.6 M (2.6%)3.6 M (2.7%)2.5%4.7%2.0%3.0%*
 New and recurrent strokes795.0 K425.0 K365.0 K60.0 K
 Mortality, 2013‖128 97875 28759 409884542864147569
CHD
 Prevalence, CHD, 2012§15.5 M (6.2%)6.6 M (5.0%)4.6%7.0%5.9%6.0%*
 Prevalence, MI, 2012§7.6 M (2.8%)2.7 M (1.8%)1.8%2.2%1.7%
 Prevalence, AP, 2012§8.2 M (3.3%)4.2 M (3.2%)2.9%5.0%3.8%
 New and recurrent MI and fatal CHD#**965.0 K405.0 K340.0 K65.0 K
 New and recurrent MI#**750.0 K310.0 K
 Incidence, AP (stable angina)††565.0 K195.0 K
 Mortality, 2013, CHD370 213161 698129 27318 441927084771949
 Mortality, 2013, MI116 79350 74240 461600428582616589
HF
 Prevalence, 2012§5.7 M (2.2%)3.0 M (2.2%)2.2%3.2%2.1%
 Incidence, 2012#‡‡915.0 K475.0 K405.0 K70.0 K
 Mortality, 201365 12036 60730 94035851400954230
  • AP indicates angina pectoris (chest pain); BMI, body mass index; CHD, coronary heart disease (includes heart attack, AP chest pain, or both); CVD, cardiovascular disease; DM, diabetes mellitus; ellipses (…), data not available; HBP, high blood pressure; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; HF, heart failure; K, thousands; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; M, millions; MI, myocardial infarction (heart attack); NH, non-Hispanic; and PA, physical activity.

  • * Age ≥18 years (National Health Interview Survey, 2014).

  • Met 2008 full federal PA guidelines for adults.

  • Both sexes (National Health Interview Survey, 2014).

  • § Age ≥20 years.

  • All ages.

  • Total CVD mortality includes deaths of congenital heart disease.

  • # Estimates include Hispanics and non-Hispanics. Estimates for whites include other nonblack races.

  • ** Age ≥35 years.

  • †† Age ≥45 years.

  • ‡‡ Age ≥55 years.