Abbreviations Used in Chapter 23

ACCAmerican College of Cardiology
ACEIangiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor
ACSacute coronary syndrome
ACTIONAcute Coronary Treatment and Intervention Outcomes Network
AEDautomated external defibrillator
AFatrial fibrillation
AHAAmerican Heart Association
AMIacute myocardial infarction
ARBangiotensin receptor blocker
BMIbody mass index
BPblood pressure
CABGcoronary artery bypass grafting
CADcoronary artery disease
CARTClinical Assessment, Reporting, and Tracking
CHDcoronary heart disease
CHFcongestive heart failure
CIconfidence interval
COURAGEClinical Outcomes Utilizing Revascularization and Aggressive Drug Evaluation
CPRcardiopulmonary resuscitation
CRUSADECan Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes With Early Implementation of the ACC/AHA Guidelines
CVDcardiovascular disease
D2Bdoor-to-balloon
DESdrug-eluting stent
DMdiabetes mellitus
DNRdo not resuscitate
DVTdeep vein thrombosis
ECGelectrocardiogram
EFejection fraction
EMSemergency medical services
ETco2end-tidal carbon dioxide
GBDGlobal Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study
GWTGGet With The Guidelines
HbA1chemoglobin A1c (glycosylated hemoglobin)
HDheart disease
HFheart failure
HMOhealth maintenance organization
HRhazard ratio
IHCAin-hospital cardiac arrest
IQRinterquartile range
IVintravenous
LDL-Clow-density lipoprotein cholesterol
LVleft ventricular
LVEFleft ventricular ejection fraction
LVSDleft ventricular systolic dysfunction
MDmedical doctor
MImyocardial infarction
N/Anot available or not applicable
NCDRNational Cardiovascular Data Registry
NMnot measured
NSTEMInon–ST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction
OHCAout-of-hospital cardiac arrest
ORodds ratio
PCIpercutaneous coronary intervention
PINNACLEPractice Innovation and Clinical Excellence
PPOpreferred provider organization
ROCResuscitation Outcomes Consortium
RRrelative risk
SBPsystolic blood pressure
SDstandard deviation
STEMIST-segment–elevation myocardial infarction
STSSociety of Thoracic Surgeons
TIAtransient ischemic stroke
tPAtissue-type plasminogen activator
TRIUMPHTranslational Research Investigating Underlying Disparities in Acute Myocardial Infarction Patients’ Health Status
TVRtarget-vessel revascularization
UFHunfractionated heparin
VHAVeterans Health Administration
VT/VFventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation
YLLyears of life lost