Table 20-1.

Heart Failure

Population GroupPrevalence, 2012, Age ≥20 yIncidence (New Cases), 2012, Age ≥55 yMortality, 2013, All Ages*Hospital Discharges, 2010, All AgesCost, 2012
Both sexes5 700 000 (2.2%)915 00065 1201 023 000$30.7 billion
Males2 700 000 (2.3%)440 00028 513 (43.8%)501 000
Females3 000 000 (2.2%)475 00036 607 (56.2%)522 000
NH white males2.2%385 000§23 847
NH white females2.2%405 000§30 940
NH black males2.8%55 000§2933
NH black females3.2%70 000§3585
Hispanic males2.1%1144
Hispanic females2.1%1400
NH Asian or Pacific Islander954
NH American Indian or Alaska Native230
  • Heart failure includes people who answered “yes” to the question of ever having congestive heart failure.

  • Ellipses (…) indicate data not available; and NH, non-Hispanic.

  • * Mortality data for Hispanic, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian and Pacific Islander people should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies in reporting Hispanic origin or race on the death certificate compared with censuses, surveys, and birth certificates. Studies have shown underreporting on death certificates of American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian and Pacific Islander, and Hispanic decedents, as well as undercounts of these groups in censuses.

  • Cost data are from Heidenreich et al.11

  • These percentages represent the portion of total mortality attributable to heart failure that is for males vs females.

  • § Estimates for whites include other nonblack races.

  • Includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and Other Asian or Pacific Islander.

  • Sources: Prevalence: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009 to 2012 (National Center for Health Statistics) and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Percentages are age adjusted for Americans ≥20 years of age. Age-specific percentages are extrapolated to the 2012 US population estimates. These data are based on self-reports. Incidence: Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study Community Surveillance, 2005 to 2012 from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Mortality: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Center for Health Statistics, 2013 Mortality Multiple Cause-of-Death–United States.