Abbreviations Used in Chapter 18

ABIankle-brachial index
ACCAmerican College of Cardiology
AFatrial fibrillation
AHAAmerican Heart Association
ARICAtherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
ATP IIIAdult Treatment Panel III
BMIbody mass index
BPblood pressure
CACcoronary artery calcification
CADcoronary artery disease
CARDIACoronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
CHDcoronary heart disease
CHSCardiovascular Health Study
CIconfidence interval
CONFIRMCoronary CT Angiography Evaluation for Clinical Outcomes: An International Multicenter Registry
CRPC-reactive protein
CTcomputed tomography
CVDcardiovascular disease
DBPdiastolic blood pressure
DMdiabetes mellitus
FHSFramingham Heart Study
FMDflow-mediated dilation
FRSFramingham Risk Score
HBPhigh blood pressure
HDL-Chigh-density lipoprotein cholesterol
HDheart disease
HFheart failure
HRhazard ratio
IMTintima-media thickness
JUPITERJustification for the Use of Statins in Primary Prevention: An Intervention Trial Evaluating Rosuvastatin
LDL-Clow-density lipoprotein cholesterol
MASALAMediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America
MESAMulti-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
MImyocardial infarction
NHLBINational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
NNT55-year number needed to treat
PADperipheral artery disease
RRrelative risk
SBPsystolic blood pressure
SDstandard deviation
TIAtransient ischemic attack
TIPSThe Indian Polycap Study