Abbreviations Used in Chapter 22

ABIankle brachial index
AHAAmerican Heart Association
CHDcoronary heart disease
CIconfidence interval
CKDchronic kidney disease
CVDcardiovascular disease
DALYdisability-adjusted life-year
DMdiabetes mellitus
EDemergency department
GBDGlobal Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study
HBPhigh blood pressure
HRhazard ratio
ICD-9International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision
ICD-10International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision
MImyocardial infarction
NCHSNational Center for Health Statistics
NHAMCSNational Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey
NHANESNational Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
NHDSNational Hospital Discharge Survey
NHLBINational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
ORodds ratio
PAphysical activity
PADperipheral artery disease
REACHReduction of Atherothrombosis for Continued Health
RRrelative risk
YLLyears of life lost