Abbreviations Used in Chapter 14

ACCORDAction to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes
AFatrial fibrillation
AHAAmerican Heart Association
AHIapnea-hypopnea index
ARICAtherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
AHRQAgency for Healthcare Research and Quality
BASICBrain Attack Surveillance in Corpus Christi
BNPB-type natriuretic peptide
BPblood pressure
BRFSSBehavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
CDCCenters for Disease Control and Prevention
CHDcoronary heart disease
CHFcongestive heart failure
CHSCardiovascular Health Study
CIconfidence interval
CLRDchronic lower respiratory disease
CRESTCarotid Revascularization Endarterectomy Versus Stenting Trial
CTcomputed tomography
CVDcardiovascular disease
DALYdisability-adjusted life-year
DMdiabetes mellitus
EDemergency department
eGFRestimated glomerular filtration rate
EPICEuropean Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition
ESCAPEEndovascular Treatment for Small Core and Anterior Circulation Proximal Occlusion With Emphasis on Minimizing CT to Recanalization Times
EXTEND-IAExtending the Time for Thrombolysis in Emergency Neurological Deficits–Intra-Arterial
FHSFramingham Heart Study
FRSFramingham Risk Score
FUTUREFollow-up of TIA and Stroke Patients and Unelucidated Risk Factor Evaluation
GCNKSSGreater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study
GFRglomerular filtration rate
GWTGGet With The Guidelines
HBPhigh blood pressure
HCUPHealthcare Cost and Utilization Project
HDheart disease
HDL-Chigh-density lipoprotein cholesterol
HFheart failure
HRhazard ratio
ICD-9International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision
ICD-10International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision
ICHintracerebral hemorrhage
IPSYSItalian Project on Stroke in Young Adults
LDL Clow-density lipoprotein cholesterol
MEPSMedical Expenditure Panel Survey
MESAMulti-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
MImyocardial infarction
NAMCSNational Ambulatory Medical Care Survey
NCHSNational Center for Health Statistics
NHAMCSNational Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey
NHANESNational Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
NHDSNational Hospital Discharge Survey
NHISNational Health Interview Survey
NHLBINational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
NINDSNational Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
NOMASNorthern Manhattan Study
ONTARGETOngoing Telmisartan Alone and in Combination With Ramipril Global Endpoint Trial
ORodds ratio
PAphysical activity
PARpopulation attributable risk
PREVENDPrevention of Renal and Vascular End-Stage Disease
RCTrandomized controlled trial
REGARDSReasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke
REVASCATRevascularization With Solitaire FR Device Versus Best Medical Therapy in the Treatment of Acute Stroke Due to Anterior Circulation Large Vessel Occlusion Presenting Within Eight Hours of Symptom Onset
RRrelative risk
SAHsubarachnoid hemorrhage
SBPsystolic blood pressure
SHSStrong Heart Study
SPS3Secondary Prevention of Small Subcortical Strokes
STOPStroke Prevention Trial in Sickle Cell Anemia
SWIFT PRIMESolitaire with the Intention for Thrombectomy as Primary Endovascular Treatment
TCtotal cholesterol
TIAtransient ischemic attack
tPAtissue-type plasminogen activator