Abbreviations Used in Chapter 16

ACCORDAction to Control Cardiovascular Risk in Diabetes
AFatrial fibrillation
AMIacute myocardial infarction
ARICAtherosclerosis Risk in Communities study
ASSERTAsymptomatic Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke Evaluation in Pacemaker Patients and the Atrial Fibrillation Reduction Atrial Pacing Trial
AVatrioventricular
BMIbody mass index
BNPB-type natriuretic peptide
BPblood pressure
CABGcoronary artery bypass graft
CADcoronary artery disease
CARDIACoronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults
CHA2DS2-VAScClinical prediction rule for estimating the risk of stroke based on congestive heart failure, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and sex (1 point each); age ≥75 y and stroke/transient ischemic attack/thromboembolism (2 points each); plus history of vascular disease, age 65 to 74 y, and (female) sex category
CHADS2Clinical prediction rule for estimating the risk of stroke based on congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 y, diabetes mellitus (1 point each), and prior stroke/transient ischemic attack/thromboembolism (2 points)
CHDcoronary heart disease
CHSCardiovascular Health Study
CIconfidence interval
CKDchronic kidney disease
CVDcardiovascular disease
DALYdisability-adjusted life-year
DMdiabetes mellitus
ECGelectrocardiogram
EDemergency department
EFejection fraction
EMPHASIS-HFEplerenone in Mild Patients Hospitalization and Survival Study in Heart Failure
ESRDend-stage renal disease
FHSFramingham Heart Study
GBDGlobal Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study
HDheart disease
HFheart failure
HRhazard ratio
ICD-10International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision
ICD-9International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision
LVleft ventricular
MESAMulti-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis
MImyocardial infarction
NCHSNational Center for Health Statistics
NHDSNational Hospital Discharge Survey
NHLBINational Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
OHCAout-of-hospital cardiac arrest
ORodds ratio
ORBIT-AFOutcomes Registry for Better Informed Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation
PARpopulation attributable risk
PVTpolymorphic ventricular tachycardia
REGARDSReasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke
RRrelative risk
SBPsystolic blood pressure
SVTsupraventricular tachycardia
TdPtorsade de pointes
UIuncertainty interval
VFventricular fibrillation
USDUS dollars
VTventricular tachycardia