Table 14-1.

Stroke

Population GroupPrevalence, 2012: Age ≥20 yNew and Recurrent Attacks, All AgesMortality, 2013: All Ages*Hospital Discharges, 2010: All AgesCost, 2012
Both sexes6 600 000 (2.6%)795 000128 9781 015 000$33.0 Billion
Males3 000 000 (2.6%)370 000 (46.5%)53 691 (41.6%)485 000
Females3 600 000 (2.7%)425 000 (53.5%)75 287 (58.4%)530 000
NH white males2.2%325 00040 350
NH white females2.5%365 00059 409
NH black males4.2%45 0007266
NH black females4.7%60 0008845
Hispanic males2.8%3841
Hispanic females2.0%4286
NH Asian or Pacific Islander4147§
NH American Indian or Alaska Native3.0%569
  • Ellipses (…) indicate data not available; and NH, non-Hispanic.

  • * Mortality for Hispanic, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian and Pacific Islander people should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies in reporting Hispanic origin or race on the death certificate compared with censuses, surveys, and birth certificates. Studies have shown underreporting on death certificates of American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian and Pacific Islander, and Hispanic decedents, as well as undercounts of these groups in censuses.

  • These percentages represent the portion of total stroke incidence or mortality that applies to males vs females.

  • Estimates include Hispanics and non-Hispanics. Estimates for whites include other nonblack races.

  • § Includes Chinese, Filipino, Hawaiian, Japanese, and other Asian or Pacific Islander.

  • National Health Interview Survey (2014), National Center for Health Statistics; data are weighted percentages for Americans ≥18 years of age.293

  • Estimate considered unreliable or does not meet standards of reliability or precision.

  • Sources: Prevalence: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009 to 2012, National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Percentages for racial/ethnic groups are age adjusted for Americans ≥20 years of age. Age-specific percentages are extrapolated to the 2012 US population. Incidence: Greater Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky Stroke Study/National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke data for 1999 provided on August 1, 2007. US estimates compiled by NHLBI. See also Kissela et al.294 Data include children. Mortality: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/NCHS, 2013 Mortality Multiple Cause-of-Death–United States. These data represent underlying cause of death only. Hospital discharges: National Hospital Discharge Survey, NCHS. Data include those inpatients discharged alive, dead, or status unknown. Cost: NHLBI. Data include estimated direct and indirect costs for 2011 to 2012 (average annual).