Table 26-3.

Children, Youth, and CVD: At-a-Glance Table

NH WhitesNH BlacksHispanic
Diseases and Risk FactorsBoth SexesTotal MalesTotal FemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemalesMalesFemales
Smoking, %
 Prevalence, ages 12–17 y, 2013*
  Current cigarette smoking, 20135.6%5.7%5.5%7.2%3.2%3.7%
  Current cigar smoking, 20132.3%3.2%1.4%
  Current smokeless tobacco use, 20132.0%3.4%0.4%
PA,
 Prevalence, grades 9–12, 2013
  Met currently recommended levels of PA27.1%36.6%17.7%37.5%18.7%37.2%16.0%33.9%17.4%
Overweight and obesity
 Prevalence, 2012§
  Children and adolescents, aged 2–19 y, overweight or obese23.7 M (31.8%)12.2 M (32.0%)11.5 M (31.6%)27.8%29.2%34.4%36.1%40.7%37.0%
  Children and adolescents, aged 2–19 y, obese12.6 M (16.9%)6.3 M (16.7%)6.3 M (17.2%)12.6%15.6%19.9%20.5%24.1%20.6%
Blood cholesterol, mg/dL, 2012
 Mean total cholesterol
  Ages 6–11 y160.2160.5159.8158.6158.2163.7159.8160.5161.2
  Ages 12–19 y158.3155.2161.6155.2163.2153.9158.6157.0160.4
 Mean HDL-C
  Ages 6–11 y53.955.452.455.152.558.554.553.551.4
  Ages 12–19 y51.449.453.448.952.452.655.148.153.6
 Mean LDL-C
  Ages 12–19 y89.388.390.389.591.186.790.987.488.9
 Congenital cardiovascular defects
  Mortality, 2013305116341417973869268234299253
  • “Overweight” indicates a body mass index in the 95th percentile of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2000 growth chart. CVD indicates cardiovascular disease; ellipses (…), data not available; HDL-C, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; LDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol; M, millions; NH, non-Hispanic; and PA, physical activity.

  • * National Survey on Drug Use and Health; respondents were asked, “During the past 30 days, have you smoked part or all of a cigarette?”

  • Kann L, Kinchen S, Shanklin S, Flint KH, Hawkins J, Harris WA, Lowry R, Olsen EO, McManus T, Chyen D, Whittle L, Taylor E, Demissie Z, Brener ND, Thornton J, Moore J, Zaza S. Youth risk behavior surveillance: United States, 2013 [published correction appears in MMWR Morb Wkly Rep. 2014;63:576]. MMWR Surveill Summ. 2014;63(suppl 4):1–168.

  • Physically active at least 60 min/d on all 7 days.

  • § Ogden CL, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Flegal KM. Prevalence of childhood and adult obesity in the United States, 2011–2012. JAMA. 2014;311:806–814. doi: 10.1001/jama.2014.732.

  • All ages.