Table 12-1.

BP and the Adjusted Risk of ESRD Among 316 675 Adults Without Evidence of Baseline Kidney Disease

JNC V BP CategoryAdjusted RR (95% CI)
Optimal1.00 (Reference)
Normal, not optimal1.62 (1.27–2.07)
High normal1.98 (1.55–2.52)
Hypertension
 Stage 12.59 (2.07–3.25)
 Stage 23.86 (3.00–4.96)
 Stage 33.88 (2.82–5.34)
 Stage 44.25 (2.63–6.86)
  • BP indicates blood pressure; CI, confidence interval; ESRD, end-stage renal disease; JNC V, fifth report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure; and RR, relative risk.