Table 2-2.

Prevalence of Ideal Cardiovascular Health and Its Components in the US Population in Selected Age Strata: NHANES 2011 to 2012

Age 12–19 yAge ≥20 y*Age 20–39 yAge 40–59 yAge ≥60 y
Ideal CV health profile (7/7)0.0 (0.0)0.0 (0.0)0.1 (0.1)0.0 (0.0)0.0 (0.0)
 ≥6 Ideal11.2 (2.5)4.6 (0.8)8.7 (1.7)2.6 (0.8)1.3 (0.9)
 ≥5 Ideal45.5 (3.8)18.0 (1.5)32.7 (3.0)10.1 (1.6)5.3 (1.7)
Ideal health factors (4/4)47.3 (2.1)15.9 (1.2)30.6 (2.4)8.1 (1.2)2.6 (1.2)
 Total cholesterol <200 mg/dL75.7 (1.9)46.6 (0.7)70.4 (1.7)34.2 (1.7)23.9 (1.1)
 SBP <120/DBP <80 mm Hg82.3 (1.6)42.2 (1.3)64.4 (2.1)34.4 (1.5)15.7 (1.6)
 Not current smoker87.1 (1.1)77.8 (1.3)75.2 (2.1)74.3 (1.7)87.1 (1.3)
 FPG <100 mg/dL81.6 (2.5)53.0 (1.5)70.0 (2.3)49.6 (2.4)28.6 (2.0)
Ideal health behaviors (4/4)0.1 (0.1)0.5 (0.2)0.3 (0.2)0.4 (0.3)0.6 (0.2)
 PA at goal36.5 (2.6)44.0 (1.8)53.0 (2.2)41.0 (2.4)35.2 (2.3)
 Not current smoker87.1 (1.1)77.8 (1.3)75.2 (2.1)74.3 (1.7)87.1 (1.3)
 BMI <25 kg/m264.7 (2.1)31.3 (1.4)39.7 (2.8)24.7 (1.4)28.4 (2.1)
 4–5 Diet goals met0.5 (0.4)1.6 (0.4)1.2 (0.5)1.4 (0.4)2.2 (0.4)
  Fruits and vegetables ≥4.5 cups/d6.8 (1.7)17.2 (1.3)12.7 (1.2)19.3 (2.0)22.8 (2.3)
  Fish ≥2 servings/wk11.0 (1.6)21.2 (1.6)19.0 (1.6)21.2 (2.4)25.4 (2.1)
  Sodium <1500 mg/d1.0 (0.3)3.1 (0.4)2.5 (0.5)4.1 (0.8)2.4 (0.6)
  SSB <36 oz/wk45.9 (1.9)66.0 (2.0)56.8 (3.0)66.4 (3.3)82.2 (1.4)
  Whole grains ≥3 1 oz/d7.5 (1.9)12.0 (0.8)10.2 (1.2)10.9 (1.3)16.3 (1.4)
Secondary diet metrics
  Nuts/legumes/seeds ≥4 servings/wk29.2 (2.6)42.0 (1.0)40.0 (2.2)43.5 (1.1)43.8 (2.5)
  Processed meats <2 servings/wk60.6 (3.5)62.1 (1.2)61.8 (1.4)61.1 (2.1)64.2 (2.4)
  Saturated fat <7% total kcal18.2 (2.3)25.9 (1.3)26.1 (2.0)24.8 (2.0)28.6 (2.5)
  • BMI indicates body mass index; CV, cardiovascular; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; PA, physical activity; SBP, systolic blood pressure; and SSB, sugar-sweetened beverages.

    Data are mean (standard error).

  • * Standardized to the age distribution of the 2000 US standard population.

  • Scaled to 2000 kcal/d and in the context of appropriate energy balance and a DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension)–type eating pattern.