Table 10-1.

Diabetes Mellitus

Population GroupPrevalence of Physician- Diagnosed DM, 2012: Age ≥20 yPrevalence of Undiagnosed DM, 2012: Age ≥20 yPrevalence of Prediabetes, 2012: Age ≥20 yIncidence of Diagnosed DM: Age ≥20 y*Mortality, 2013: All AgesHospital Discharges, 2010: All AgesCost, 2012
Both sexes21 100 000 (8.5%)8 100 000 (3.3%)80 800 000 (35.3%)1 700 00075 578630 000$245 Billion
Males10 500 000 (9.0%)5 100 000 (4.4%)46 400 000 (42.4%)39 841 (52.7%)§311 000
Females10 600 000 (8.0%)3 000 000 (2.4%)34 400 000 (28.4%)35 737 (47.3%)§319 000
NH white males7.6%4.0%43.0%27 807
NH white females6.1%1.7%28.9%23 490
NH black males13.8%4.8%36.3%6298
NH black females14.6%2.3%27.8%6941
Hispanic males12.5%6.8%43.0%3934
Hispanic females11.8%5.0%26.0%3698
NH Asian or Pacific Islander2271
NH American Indian or Alaska Native922
  • Undiagnosed DM is defined as those whose fasting glucose is ≥126 mg/dL but who did not report being told by a healthcare provider that they had DM. Prediabetes is a fasting blood glucose of 100 to <126 mg/dL (impaired fasting glucose); prediabetes includes impaired glucose tolerance. DM indicates diabetes mellitus; ellipses (…), data not available; and NH, non-Hispanic.

  • * Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2014.11

  • Mortality for Hispanic, American Indian or Alaska Native, and Asian and Pacific Islander people should be interpreted with caution because of inconsistencies in reporting Hispanic origin or race on the death certificate compared with censuses, surveys, and birth certificates. Studies have shown underreporting on death certificates of American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian and Pacific Islander, and Hispanic decedents, as well as undercounts of these groups in censuses.

  • Yang et al.68

  • § These percentages represent the portion of total DM mortality that is for males vs females.

  • Sources: Prevalence: Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed DM: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009 to 2012, National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), and National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Percentages for racial/ethnic groups are age adjusted for Americans ≥20 years of age. Age-specific percentages are extrapolations to the 2012 US population estimates. Mortality: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/NCHS, 2013 Mortality Multiple Cause-of-Death–United States. These data represent underlying cause of death only. Hospital discharges: National Hospital Discharge Survey, NCHS; data include those inpatients discharged alive, dead, or status unknown.