Abbreviations Used in Chapter 5

AHAAmerican Heart Association
ALAα-linoleic acid
ARICAtherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study
BMIbody mass index
BPblood pressure
BRFSSBehavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
CHDcoronary heart disease
CIconfidence interval
CRPC-reactive protein
CVDcardiovascular disease
DALYdisability-adjusted life-year
DASHDietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension
DBPdiastolic blood pressure
DHAdocosahexaenoic acid
DMdiabetes mellitus
EPAeicosapentaenoic acid
GFRglomerular filtration rate
GISSIGruppo Italiano per lo Studio della Sopravvivenza nell’Infarto miocardico
HDheart disease
HDL-Chigh-density lipoprotein cholesterol
HFheart failure
LDL-Clow-density lipoprotein cholesterol
MImyocardial infarction
n-6-PUFAω-6-polyunsaturated fatty acid
NAnot available
NHnon-Hispanic
NHANESNational Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
ORodds ratio
PAphysical activity
PREDIMEDPrevención con Dieta Mediterránea
RCTrandomized controlled trial
RRrelative risk
SBPsystolic blood pressure
SDstandard deviation
SSBsugar-sweetened beverage
TCtotal cholesterol
USDAUS Department of Agriculture
WHIWomen’s Health Initiative