Table 15-2.

Annual Birth Prevalence of Congenital Cardiovascular Defects in the United States13,16,19,9193

Type of PresentationRate per 1000 Live BirthsEstimated Number (Variable With Yearly Birth Rate)
Fetal lossUnknownUnknown
Invasive procedure during the first year2.49200
Detected during first year*836 000
Bicuspid aortic valve13.754 800
  • * Includes stillbirths and pregnancy termination at <20 weeks’ gestation; includes some defects that resolve spontaneously or do not require treatment.