Table 2-2.

Prevalence of Ideal Cardiovascular Health and Its Components in the US Population in Selected Age Strata: NHANES 2011 to 2012 and 2013 to 2014

NHANES CycleAge 12—19 y, % (SE)Age ≥20 y, % (SE)*Age 20–39 y, % (SE)Age 40–59 y, % (SE)Age ≥60 y, % (SE)
Ideal CV health profile (7/7)2011–20120.0 (0.0)0.0 (0.0)0.0 (0.0)0.0 (0.0)0.0 (0.0)
 ≥6 Ideal2011–201210.3 (1.7)4.3 (0.6)9.1 (1.4)1.8 (0.4)0.5 (0.3)
 ≥5 Ideal2011–201241.3 (2.3)16.9 (1.0)32.7 (2.5)8.9 (1.0)3.2 (1.1)
Ideal health factors (4/4)2013–201457.7 (2.1)18.4 (0.9)32.6 (2.1)13.1 (1.2)2.9 (0.5)
 Total cholesterol <200 mg/dL2013–201479.7 (0.9)50.1 (1.5)71.9 (2.2)41.9 (1.6)26.6 (1.8)
 SBP <120/DBP <80 mm Hg2013–201488.7 (1.1)45.4 (0.9)68.0 (1.6)40.2 (2.0)14.1 (1.1)
 Nonsmoker2013–201491.4 (1.4)77.1 (1.2)72.6 (1.4)74.7 (2.1)87.7 (1.2)
 FPG <100 mg/dL and HbA1c <5.7%2013–201487.6 (1.0)60.8 (1.1)78.5 (1.3)57.7 (1.8)35.4 (1.7)
Ideal health behaviors (4/4)2011–20120.0 (0.0)0.1 (0.1)0.0 (0.0)0.2 (0.1)0.1 (0.1)
 PA at goal2013–201427.7 (1.2)36.7 (1.1)45.0 (2.0)34.2 (1.6)26.7 (1.5)
 Nonsmoker2013–201491.4 (1.4)77.1 (1.2)72.6 (1.4)74.7 (2.1)87.7 (1.2)
 BMI <25 kg/m22013–201463.1 (2.4)29.6 (0.8)36.3 (1.5)25.4 (1.4)25.6 (1.1)
 4–5 Diet goals met2011–20120.0 (0.0)0.4 (0.1)0.1 (0.1)0.2 (0.1)0.8 (0.2)
  F&V ≥4.5 C/d2011–20123.9 (0.7)12.1 (1.1)7.9 (1.2)13.9 (1.5)17.1 (1.5)
  Fish ≥2 svg/wk2011–201210.0 (1.5)18.5 (1.6)16.3 (1.4)18.3 (2.4)22.5 (2.1)
  Sodium <1500 mg/d2011–20120.0 (0.0)0.6 (0.2)0.5 (0.3)1.1 (0.5)0.4 (0.2)
  SSB <36 oz/wk2011–201240.8 (2.4)55.9 (1.9)46.5 (2.5)56.1 (2.0)72.0 (2.1)
  WHLG ≥3 1-oz svg/d2011–20124.1 (1.4)7.7 (0.6)5.7 (0.9)6.6 (1.0)12.3 (1.2)
Secondary diet metrics
  Nuts/legumes/seeds ≥4 svg/wk2011–201242.1 (2.6)49.7 (0.9)47.8 (2.0)50.9 (1.7)50.9 (2.1)
  Processed meats ≤2 svg/wk2011–201241.2 (2.1)44.6 (1.4)43.5 (1.9)44.8 (2.0)46.0 (2.3)
  SFat <7% total kcal2011–20126.4 (0.9)10.4 (0.6)10.1 (0.8)10.5 (0.9)11.6 (1.4)
  • BMI indicates body mass index; CV, cardiovascular; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; FPG, fasting plasma glucose; F&V, fruits and vegetables; HbA1c, glycosylated hemoglobin; NHANES, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey; PA, physical activity; SBP, systolic blood pressure; SE, standard error; SFat, saturated fat; SSB, sugar-sweetened beverages; svg, servings; and WHLG, whole grains.

  • * Standardized to the age distribution of the 2000 US standard population

  • Scaled to 2000 kcal/d and in the context of appropriate energy balance and a DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension)-type eating pattern.