Table 1.

Summary of Dietary Guidelines

Population Goals
Overall Healthy Eating PatternAppropriate Body WeightDesirable Cholesterol ProfileDesirable Blood Pressure
Major guidelinesInclude a variety of fruits, vegetables, grains, low-fat or nonfat dairy products, fish, legumes, poultry, lean meats.Match energy intake to energy needs, with appropriate changes to achieve weight loss when indicated.Limit foods high in saturated fat and cholesterol; and substitute unsaturated fat from vegetables, fish, legumes, nuts.Limit salt and alcohol; maintain a healthy body weight and a diet with emphasis on vegetables, fruits, and low-fat or non-fat dairy products.