Table 1.

Appendix: Stroke Deficit Scales

Stroke Deficit Scales
ScaleDescription and Type of ScaleTime and AdministrationComments
NIH Stroke Scale1415 items scored on 3- or 4-point interval scalesUses: acute care, screening, formal assessment, and monitoring Time: 10 minBrief. Can be administered by non-neurologists.
Domains: consciousness, vision, extraocular movements, facial palsy, limb strength, ataxia, sensation, speech, and languageInterval scale good reliability. Omits dysphagia.
Canadian Neurological Scale158 items scored on 3-point interval scaleUses: acute care, screening, formal assessment, and monitoring Time: 5 minBrief.
Domains: consciousness, orientation, speech, motor function, and facial weaknessOmits ataxia, visual fields, and eye movements. Interval scale relatively insensitive to change.