Table 2113889.

Body Weight, Blood Lipid, and Blood Pressure Data on the Control, Half-Dose, and Full-Dose Almond Diet Periods

ControlHalf-Dose AlmondFull-Dose Almond
Week 0Treatment*Week 0Treatment*Week 0Treatment*
Values are mean±SEM. n=27.
To convert cholesterol and triglycerides and mg/dL, multiply by 38.67 and 88.57, respectively. To convert apolipoprotein A-I and B values to mg/dL, multiply by 100.
Treatment values represent the mean of:
*Weeks 2 and 4 or
†Week 4 alone.
P≤0.01;
§P<0.050; or ∥ P≤0.001, significance of the difference of half- and full-almond dose vs control treatment using the least squares method with Tukey adjustment in SAS. No significant differences were seen between the half- and full-dose almonds.
¶CHD risk was estimated using the Framingham cardiovascular risk equation (21).
Body weight, kg71.0 ±2.471.2 ±2.571.1 ±2.470.9 ±2.471.2 ±2.571.0 ±2.5
Cholesterol, mmol/L
    Total6.54 ±0.166.44 ±0.156.47 ±0.156.25 ±0.15§6.60 ±0.166.21 ±0.15
    LDL4.34 ±0.144.22 ±0.134.30 ±0.124.10 ±0.124.45 ±0.134.01 ±0.12
    HDL1.43 ±0.091.41 ±0.081.38 ±0.081.43 ±0.081.40 ±0.081.45 ±0.09§
Triglycerides, mmol/L1.69 ±0.131.80 ±0.121.75 ±0.161.58 ±0.111.66 ±0.131.64 ±0.11
Apolipoproteins, g/L
    ApoA-11.74 ±0.071.73 ±0.061.71 ±0.061.73 ±0.061.74 ±0.061.76 ±0.07
    ApoB1.30 ±0.031.27 ±0.031.27 ±0.031.23 ±0.031.31 ±0.031.21 ±0.03
Ratios
    Total:HDL cholesterol4.95 ±0.284.89 ±0.245.07 ±0.284.68 ±0.24§5.00 ±0.224.58 ±0.23
    LDL:HDL cholesterol3.32 ±0.223.23 ±0.183.40 ±0.223.11 ±0.203.40 ±0.182.99 ±0.19
    ApoB:ApoA-10.78 ±0.040.76 ±0.030.77 ±0.040.74 ±0.040.77 ±0.030.71 ±0.03
Oxidized LDL
    LDL conjugated dienes, μmol64 ±360 ±265 ±353 ±362 ±351 ±2
    LDL conjugated dienes/LDL, μmol/mmol14.8 ±0.614.3 ±0.515.3 ±0.813.4 ±0.614.1 ±0.612.9 ±0.5§
Homocysteine, μmol/L8.9 ±0.58.6 ±0.48.9 ±0.58.7 ±0.58.4 ±0.48.7 ±0.5
Lp(a), mg/dL15.3 ±3.015.5 ±3.215.4 ±3.315.4 ±3.216.3 ±3.414.2 ±2.9§
C-reactive protein, mg/L3.21 ±1.392.37 ±0.451.81 ±0.271.77 ±0.271.62 ±0.252.27 ±0.69
Pulmonary nitric oxide, ppm25.4 ±3.218.2 ±1.315.3 ±1.819.2 ±1.822.3 ±2.817.4 ±1.4
Blood pressure, mm Hg
    Systolic119 ±3121 ±2121 ±3121 ±2120 ±2121 ±3
    Diastolic75 ±276 ±275 ±276 ±275 ±276 ±2
Estimated CHD risk, 10 y, %10.7 ±1.211.0 ±1.111.2 ±1.110.4 ±4.111.1 ±1.110.1 ±1.1§