Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome with Intact or Restrictive Atrial Septum: A Report from the International Fetal Cardiac Intervention Registry
Infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and an intact or highly restrictive atrial septum (HLHS-IAS) represent a high risk subset. Fetal cardiac intervention (FCI) for fetuses with HLHS-IAS has been reported in single-institution series as a therapy that may improve outcomes. This study utilizes the International Fetal Cardiac Intervention Registry (IFCIR) to examine fetal and maternal characteristics and pregnancy and neonatal outcome data for FCI in this population.
- fetal cardiac intervention
- fetal echocardiography
- congenital heart disease
- hypoplastic left heart syndrome
- atrial septostomy
- Received August 9, 2016.
- Revision received February 27, 2017.
- Accepted March 22, 2017.