Results-Based Accountability for Cardiovascular Epidemiology Research by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
The United States National Institutes of Health (NIH) has been at the forefront of advances in biomedical research for over a century. It includes 27 institutes and centers, including the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), each with its own specific research agenda and priorities. Collectively, NIH-funding has contributed to many scientific and technological breakthroughs that have resulted in substantial gains in population health and longevity, both in the U.S.A. and globally. Moreover, there are numerous examples of investments in NIH research that yielded returns extending beyond health benefits to encompass social and economic ramifications. For instance, it has been estimated that the $3.8 billion NIH-contribution to the Human Genome Project generated $1 trillion in economic growth, corresponding to a 178-fold return on initial investment.1
- Received October 14, 2015.
- Accepted October 15, 2015.