Initiatives for Improving Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Outcomes
Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA), leading to sudden cardiac death (SCD), remains a huge public health burden, accounting for more than 350,000 deaths in the United States each year1 and an equivalent number in Europe. The societal impact is evident from the fact that as many as 50% of all cardiac deaths are SCDs1, with many of the affected individuals in their productive years. One cost estimate places the financial burden on society at $33 billion per year in the U.S.2, based on the cost of response systems, post-cardiac arrest hospitalizations, and long-term care of survivors. The latter includes rehabilitation, disability expenses, and medical costs specific to survivors such as ICDs.
- out-of-hospital cardiac arrest
- automated external defibrillator
- cardiopulmonary resuscitation
- survival analysis
- sudden cardiac death
- cardiac arrest
- emergency medical services
- Received September 29, 2014.
- Accepted September 30, 2014.