Lifetime Prevalence of Congenital Heart Disease in the General Population from 2000 to 2010
Background—Our objective was to obtain contemporary life-time estimates of CHD prevalence using population based data sources up to year 2010.
Methods and Results—The Quebec CHD database contains 28 years of longitudinal data on all individuals with CHD from 1983-2010. Severe CHD was defined as tetralogy of Fallot, truncus arteriosus, transposition complexes, endocardial cushion defects, and univentricular hearts. We used latent class Bayesian models combining case definitions from physician claims, hospitalization, and surgical data to obtain point and interval prevalence estimates (95% CI) of CHD in the first year of life, in children (<18 years of age) and in adults. We identified 107,559 CHD patients from 1983 to 2010. Prevalence of CHD in the first year of life was 8.21/1000 live-births (7.47, 9.02) from 1998 to 2005. In 2010, overall prevalence of CHD was 13.11/1000 (12.43, 13.81) in children and 6.12 /1000 (5.69, 6.57) in adults. The CHD prevalence increased by 11% in children and 57% in adults from 2000-2010. The prevalence in the severe CHD subgroup increased by 19% (17%, 21%) in children and 55% (51%, 62%) in adults. By 2010, adults accounted for 66% of the entire CHD population.
Conclusions—With an increase of more than 50% in CHD prevalence since 2000, by 2010 adults accounted for two-thirds of patients with severe and other forms of CHD in the general population. Our findings should inform allocation of resources and the planning of workforce needs for the predominantly adult CHD population.
- severe congenital heart disease
- congenital heart disease
- adult congenital heart disease
- health services research
- Received December 20, 2013.
- Revision received May 12, 2014.
- Accepted June 6, 2014.