Performance Goals for Dispatcher-Assisted CPR
An estimated 600,000 Americans are victims of sudden, unexpected, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) each year.1 Emergency Medical Services (EMS) providers attempt resuscitation in 360,000 of these "EMS-treated" individuals. EMS crews declare another 240,000 victims dead on arrival because the cardiac arrest was un-witnessed and the victim's body shows physical signs that death has not just occurred. Approximately 9.5% of EMS-treated cardiac arrest victims survived to hospital discharge. However, if one includes the 240,000 victims in whom EMS doesn't even attempt resuscitation, the likelihood of surviving an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the United States is only 5.7%. Stated differently, only 1 in every 18 OHCA victims in the United States will survive to hospital discharge.
- Received August 16, 2013.
- Accepted August 20, 2013.