Reduction in First and Recurrent Cardiovascular Events with Ticagrelor Compared with Clopidogrel in the PLATO Study
Background—We sought to evaluate the effect of potent platelet inhibition following acute coronary syndrome on total (i.e. first and recurrent) occurrences of any of the primary outcome events (e.g. cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, and stroke) as well as on other ischemic events, such as urgent revascularization, (severe) recurrent ischemia (SRI/RI), transient ischemic attacks (TIA) and arterial thrombotic events (ATE).
Methods and Results—In the PLATelet inhibition and patient Outcomes (PLATO) study, 18,624 patients presenting with acute coronary syndromes randomly received ticagrelor (N=9333) or clopidogrel (N=9291). Cox proportional hazard models were used to calculate time to first event and hazard ratios. Total events were compared using a Poisson regression model and time to second event or death was calculated with the Wei Lin Weissfeld method. Patients randomized to ticagrelor had 1057 total primary endpoint events vs. 1225 for patients on clopidogrel (rate ratio=0.86, 95% CI 0.79-0.93, p=0.003). The number of additional events was numerically lower for ticagrelor (189 vs. 205, p=0.40), resulting in a hazard for time to second event/death of 0.80 (95% CI 0.70-0.90, p<0.001) and a number needed to treat of 54. For CVD/MI/Stroke/SRI/RI/TIA/ATE, total events were fewer with ticagrelor (2030 vs. 2290, rate ratio 0.88, 95% CI 0.82-0.95, p<0.001), with fewer recurrent events with ticagrelor (740 vs. 834, p=0.01) and a highly significant concurrent reduction in hazard for time to second event or death of 0.83 (95% CI 0.75-0.91, p<0.001). Recurrent PLATO major or TIMI major non-CABG bleeding events were infrequent and not different between the two therapies (p=0.96 and 0.38, respectively).
Conclusions—In PLATO, treatment with ticagrelor compared with clopidogrel resulted in a reduction in total events, including first and subsequent recurrent cardiovascular events, when compared to clopidogrel. These types of analyses demonstrate an even greater absolute benefit of ticagrelor over clopidogrel than previously reported.
Clinical Trial Registration Information—http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Identifier: NCT00391872.
- Received June 12, 2012.
- Accepted December 7, 2012.
- Copyright © 2012, American Heart Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited