STAT3 Regulates Collagen-Induced Platelet Aggregation Independent of its Transcription Factor Activity
Background—Platelet hyperactivity induced by inflammation is a known risk factor for atherosclerosis and thrombosis, but its underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood.
Methods and Results—The signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) was activated in collagen-stimulated platelets. Activated STAT3 served as a protein scaffold to facilitate the catalytic interaction between the kinase Syk and the substrate PLCγ2 to enhance collagen-induced calcium mobilization and platelet activation. The same interaction of STAT3 with Syk and PLCγ2 was also detected in HEK293 cells transfected with cDNAs for Syk and PLCγ2, and stimulated with interleukin-6 (IL-6). Pharmacological inhibition of STAT3 blocked ~50% of collagen- and a collagen-related peptide-, but not TRAP- or ADP-induced aggregation and ~80% of thrombus formation of human platelets on a collagen matrix. This in vitro phenotype was reproduced in mice infused with STAT3 inhibitors and mice with platelet specific STAT3 deficiency. By forming a complex with its soluble receptor, the proinflammatory cytokine IL-6 enhanced the collagen-induced STAT3 activation in human platelets.
Conclusions—These data demonstrate a non-transcriptional activity of STAT3 that facilitates a crosstalk between proinflammatory cytokine and hemostasis/thrombosis signals in platelets. This crosstalk may be responsible for platelet hyperactivity found in conditions of inflammation.
- Received July 19, 2012.
- Accepted November 19, 2012.
- Copyright © 2012, American Heart Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited