Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery With or Without Mitral Valve Annuloplasty in Moderate Functional Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation
Final Results of the Randomized Ischemic Mitral Evaluation (RIME) Trial
Background—The role of mitral valve repair (MVR) during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in patients with moderate ischemic mitral regurgitation (MR) is uncertain. We conducted a randomized, controlled trial to determine whether repairing the mitral valve during CABG may improve functional capacity and left ventricular reverse remodeling compared with CABG alone.
Methods and Results—Seventy-three patients referred for CABG with moderate ischemic MR and an ejection fraction >30% were randomized to receive CABG plus MVR (34 patients) or CABG only (39 patients). The study was stopped early after review of interim data. At 1 year, there was a greater improvement in the primary end point of peak oxygen consumption in the CABG plus MVR group compared with the CABG group (3.3 mL/kg/min versus 0.8 mL/kg/min; P<0.001). There was also a greater improvement in the secondary end points in the CABG plus MVR group compared with the CABG group: left ventricular end-systolic volume index, MR volume, and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide reduction of 22.2 mL/m2, 28.2 mL/beat, and 557.4 pg/mL, respectively versus 4.4 mL/m2 (P=0.002), 9.2 mL/beat (P=0.001), and 394.7 pg/mL (P=0.003), respectively. Operation duration, blood transfusion, intubation duration, and hospital stay duration were greater in the CABG plus MVR group. Deaths at 30 days and 1 year were similar in both groups: 3% and 9%, respectively in the CABG plus MVR group, versus 3% (P=1.00) and 5% (P=0.66), respectively in the CABG group.
Conclusions—Adding mitral annuloplasty to CABG in patients with moderate ischemic MR may improve functional capacity, left ventricular reverse remodeling, MR severity, and B-type natriuretic peptide levels, compared with CABG alone. The impact of these benefits on longer term clinical outcomes remains to be defined.
Clinical Trial Registration—http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00413998. Unique identifier: NCT00413998.
- Received September 18, 2012.
- Accepted October 15, 2012.
- © 2012 American Heart Association, Inc.