Targeting Mannose Binding Lectin Confers Long Lasting Protection with a Surprisingly Wide Therapeutic Window in Cerebral Ischemia
Background—The involvement of complement system in brain injury has been scarcely investigated. Here we document the pivotal role of mannose binding lectin (MBL), one of the recognition molecules of the lectin complement pathway, in brain ischemic injury.
Methods and Results—Focal cerebral ischemia was induced in mice (by permanent or transient middle cerebral artery occlusion) and rats (by 3-vessels occlusion). We first observed that MBL is deposited on ischemic vessels up to 48h after injury and that functional MBL/MASP2 complexes are increased. Next we demonstrated that: 1) MBL-/- mice are protected from both transient and permanent ischemic injury; 2) Polyman2, the newly synthesized mannosylated molecule selected for its binding to MBL, improves neurological deficits and infarct volume when given up to 24h after ischemia in mice; 3) anti-MBL-A antibody improves neurological deficits and infarct volume when given up to 18h after ischemia, as assessed following 28d in rats.
Conclusions—Our data show an important role for MBL in the pathogenesis of brain ischemic injury and provide a strong support to the concept that MBL inhibition may be a relevant therapeutic target in humans, one with a wide therapeutic window of application.
- Received March 6, 2012.
- Accepted July 31, 2012.
- Copyright © 2012, American Heart Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited