IL 10 Treatment Attenuates Pressure Overload-Induced Hypertrophic Remodeling and Improves Heart Function via STAT3 Dependent Inhibition of NFκB
Background—Inflammation plays a critical role in adverse cardiac remodeling and heart failure. Therefore, approaches geared towards inhibiting inflammation may provide therapeutic benefits. We tested the hypothesis that genetic deletion of interleukin-10 (IL10), a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine, exacerbates pressure-overload induced adverse cardiac remodeling and hypertrophy and that IL10 therapy inhibits this pathology.
Methods and Results—Cardiac hypertrophy was induced in Wild-type (WT) and IL10-knockout (KO) mice by isoproterenol (ISO) infusion. ISO-induced left ventricular (LV) dysfunction and hypertrophic remodeling, including fibrosis and fetal gene expression, were further exaggerated in KO mice compared to WT. Systemic recombinant mouse IL10 administration markedly improved LV function and not only inhibited but also reversed ISO-induced cardiac remodeling. Intriguingly, very similar cardio-protective response of IL10 was found in transverse aortic constriction (TAC)-induced hypertrophy and heart failure model. In neonatal rat ventricular myocytes (NRCM) and H9c2 myoblasts, ISO activated NFκB while it inhibited STAT3 phosphorylation. Interestingly, IL10 suppressed ISO-induced NFκB activation and attenuated STAT3 inhibition. Moreover, pharmacological and genetic inhibition of STAT3 reversed the protective effects of IL10 while ectopic expression of constitutively active STAT3 mimicked the IL10 responses on the ISO effects, confirming that IL10 mediated inhibition of NFκB is STAT3 dependent.
Conclusions—Taken together our studies suggest IL10 treatment as a potential therapeutic approach to limit the progression of pressure overload-induced adverse cardiac remodeling.
- Received April 13, 2012.
- Accepted June 6, 2012.
- Copyright © 2012, American Heart Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited