The Relationship Between Chest Compression Rates and Outcomes from Cardiac Arrest
Background—Guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) recommend a chest compression rate of at least 100 compressions/min. Animal and human studies have reported that blood flow is greatest with chest compression rates near 120/min, but few have reported rates used during out-of-hospital (OOH) CPR, or the relationship between rate and outcome. The purpose of this study was to describe chest compression rates used by emergency medical services (EMS) providers to resuscitate patients with OOH cardiac arrest and to determine the relationship between chest compression rate and outcome.
Methods and Results—Included were patients ≥ 20 years old with OOH cardiac arrest treated by EMS providers participating in the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium. Data were abstracted from monitor-defibrillator recordings during CPR. Multiple logistic regression assessed the association between chest compression rate and outcome. From December 2005 to May 2007, 3,098 patients with OOH cardiac arrest were included in this study. Mean age was 67±16 years and 8.6% survived to hospital discharge. Mean compression rate was 112±19/min. A curvilinear association between chest compression rate and return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) was found in cubic spline models after multivariable adjustment (p = 0.012). ROSC rates peaked at a compression rate of about 125/min and then declined. Chest compression rate was not significantly associated with survival to hospital discharge in multivariable categorical or cubic spline models.
Conclusions—Chest compression rate was associated with ROSC but not with survival to hospital discharge in OOH cardiac arrest.
- Received July 30, 2011.
- Accepted April 16, 2012.
- Copyright © 2012, American Heart Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited