Randomized Comparison of Everolimus-Eluting and Sirolimus-Eluting Stents in Patients Treated with Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (The SORT OUT IV Trial)
Background—Among drug-eluting stents released to date, the sirolimus-eluting stent has demonstrated the least amount of late lumen loss, but its efficacy and safety have not been compared head-to-head with the next-generation everolimus-eluting stent.
Methods and Results—The Scandinavian Organization for Randomized Trials with Clinical Outcome IV trial was a randomized multicenter, single-blind, all-comer, two-arm, non-inferiority trial comparing the everolimus-eluting stent with the sirolimus-eluting stent in patients with coronary artery disease. The primary end point was a composite of safety (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, definite stent thrombosis) and efficacy (target vessel revascularization) parameters. The non-inferiority criterion was a risk difference of 0.015. Intention-to-treat analyses were done at 9-month and 18-month follow-up. 1,390 patients were assigned to receive the everolimus-eluting stent, and 1,384 patients were assigned to receive the sirolimus-eluting stent. At 9-month follow-up, 68 [4.9%] patients treated with the everolimus-eluting stent versus 72 [5.2%] patients treated with the sirolimus-eluting stent experienced the primary end point (hazard ratio (HR) =0.94; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.67-1.31) (p for non-inferiority=0.01). At 18-month follow-up, this differential remained: 99 [7.2%] patients treated with the everolimus-eluting stent versus 105 [7.6%] (HR=0.94, 95% CI: 0.71-1.23). At 9-month follow-up, rate of definite stent thrombosis was higher in the sirolimus-eluting group (2 [0.1%] patients versus 9 [0.7%] patients, (HR=0.22, 95% CI:0.05-1.02)).At 18-monthfollow-up, this difference was sustained (3 [0.2%] patients versus 12 [0.9%] patients; (HR=0.25, 95% CI:0.07-0.88).
Conclusions—The everolimus-eluting stent was found to be non-inferior to the sirolimus-eluting stent.
Clinical Trial Registration Information—ClinicalTrials.gov; NCT00552877
- Received August 23, 2011.
- Accepted January 26, 2012.
- Copyright © 2012, American Heart Association, Inc. All rights reserved. Unauthorized use prohibited