Long-Term Outcome of Patients With Isolated Thin Discrete Subaortic Stenosis Treated by Balloon Dilation
A 25-Year Study
Background—Transluminal balloon tearing of the membrane in a thin discrete subaortic stenosis is an alternative to membrane surgical resection. However, the long-term outcome of patients with isolated thin discrete subaortic stenosis treated by transluminal balloon tearing remains unknown.
Methods and Results—This 25-year study describes findings from 76 patients with isolated thin discrete subaortic stenosis who underwent percutaneous transluminal balloon tearing of the membrane and were followed up for a mean period of 16±6 years. The age at presentation had a wide range (2–67 years). The mean age at treatment was 19±16 years. Immediately after treatment, the subvalvular gradient decreased from 70±27 to 18±12 mm Hg (P<0.001). No significant postprocedural aortic regurgitation was observed. After a mean follow-up time of 16±6 years, 11 patients (15%) developed restenosis, 3 patients (4%) progressed to muscular obstructive disease, and 1 patient (1.3%) developed a new distant obstructive membrane. Twelve patients (16%) were redilated at a mean of 5±3 years after their first treatment, and 4 patients (5%) underwent surgery at a mean of 3±2 years after their first treatment. Fifty-eight patients (77%) remained alive and free of redilation or surgery at follow-up. Larger annulus diameter and thinner membranes were independent factors associated with better long-term results.
Conclusions—Most patients (77%) with isolated thin discrete subaortic stenosis treated with transluminal balloon tearing of the membrane had sustained relief at subsequent follow-ups without restenosis, the need for surgery, progression to muscular obstructive disease, or an increase in the degree of aortic regurgitation.
- Received January 10, 2011.
- Accepted July 25, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.