Mortality and Neurologic Injury After Surgical Repair With Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest in Acute and Chronic Proximal Thoracic Aortic Pathology
Effect of Age on Outcome
Background—The goal of this study was to determine whether advanced age affects mortality and incidence of neurological injury in patients undergoing surgical repair with hypothermic circulatory arrest in acute and chronic thoracic aortic pathology.
Methods and Results—A university center audit was done of 523 consecutive patients (median age, 64 years; interquartile range, 56–71 years) between 2005 and 2010. Mortality in acute type A aortic dissection (207 patients) was 9.7%, and in chronic ascending aortic aneurysms (316 patients) was 2.2% (P<0.001). Neurological injury was observed in 16.9% of patients with acute type A aortic dissection (chronic ascending aortic aneurysms, 7.9%; P=0.002). Multivariable regression analysis revealed hypothermic circulatory arrest >40 minutes (odds ratio [OR], 4.21; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.60–11.06; P=0.004) and redo surgery (OR, 3.44; 95% CI, 1.11–10.64; P=0.03) but not age (OR, 1.98; 95% CI, 0.73–5.38; P=0.18) as independent predictor of mortality. Emergency surgery (OR, 3.27; 95% CI, 1.31–8.15; P=0.01) and extracardiac arteriopathy (OR, 2.38; 95% CI, 1.26–4.50; P=0.008) but not age (OR, 1.80; 95% CI, 0.93–3.48; P=0.08) were independent predictors of neurological injury.
Conclusions—Age is not associated with increased risk for mortality and neurological injury in patients undergoing surgical repair for acute and chronic thoracic aortic pathology with hypothermic circulatory arrest. Extended hypothermic circulatory arrest times, reflecting the extent of disease, and redo surgery predict mortality, whereas emergency surgery and extracardiac arteriopathy predict neurological injury.
- Received November 29, 2010.
- Accepted June 27, 2011.
- © 2011 American Heart Association, Inc.