Safety and Efficacy of Ticlopidine for Only 2 Weeks After Successful Intracoronary Stent Placement
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Background—In patients receiving intracoronary stents, stent thrombosis is reduced when ticlopidine therapy is combined with aspirin after the procedure. However, ticlopidine causes neutropenia in 1% of patients when administered for >2 weeks, and little is known about the duration that ticlopidine needs be administered to prevent stent thrombosis.
Methods and Results—We analyzed 827 patients undergoing successful stent placement in 1061 coronary segments at Mayo Clinic who were treated between May 1, 1996, and October 31, 1997. Chronic warfarin therapy, cardiogenic shock, and enrollment in research protocols requiring 4 weeks of ticlopidine were exclusion criteria; ticlopidine was discontinued after 14 days in all remaining patients. The mean age of the study population was 64±11 years; 49% had suffered a prior infarction, 20% had undergone coronary artery bypass surgery, and 65% had multivessel disease. The indication for stent placement was dissection or abrupt closure in 31% of patients and suboptimal results from balloon angioplasty in 18%. Placement was elective in 51% of patients, and 10.3% of patients were treated within 12 hours of an acute myocardial infarction. Mean nominal stent size was 3.3±0.5 mm. High-pressure inflations (≥12 atm) were performed in all patients (mean, 17±4 atm). Intravascular ultrasound was used to facilitate stent placement in 8.8% of patients. Abciximab was administered to 38% of patients; 11% of patients who were at increased risk of stent thrombosis were treated with enoxaparin for 10 to 14 days. Adverse cardiovascular events in the 14 days after stent placement occurred in 11 patients (1.3%). Two patients died of nonischemic causes (sepsis and renal failure) in the 15th through 30th days after ticlopidine was stopped. However, there were no cardiovascular deaths, myocardial infarctions, coronary artery bypass operations, or repeat angioplasty procedures between the 15th and 30th days; stent thrombosis did not occur in any patient after ticlopidine had been stopped. No patient developed neutropenia, although 1.8% of the first 489 patients who were closely monitored for side effects from ticlopidine developed side effects requiring its discontinuation, and milder side effects occurred in 4.7%.
Conclusions—In patients receiving intracoronary stents, the discontinuation of ticlopidine therapy 14 days after stent placement is associated with a very low frequency of stent thrombosis and other adverse events.
- Received August 6, 1998.
- Revision received September 18, 1998.
- Accepted September 23, 1998.
- Copyright © 1999 by American Heart Association