Acute Hemodynamic Responses to Inhaled Nitric Oxide in Patients With Limited Scleroderma and Isolated Pulmonary Hypertension
This article requires a subscription to view the full text. If you have a subscription you may use the login form below to view the article. Access to this article can also be purchased.
Background Inhaled nitric oxide (NO) is a selective pulmonary vasodilator that reduces pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) in patients with primary pulmonary hypertension. Their responses to inhaled NO predict their responses to other vasodilators, such as prostacyclin, and provide an estimate of the “fixed” component of their increased PVR. Some patients with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis develop isolated pulmonary hypertension with a similar clinical course. Therefore, we have measured the acute hemodynamic response to inhaled NO in such patients.
Methods and Results Seven patients were studied during inhalation of increasing concentrations of NO (0 to 80 ppm). Complete hemodynamic data were collected on five patients. They demonstrated a selective, dose-dependent, and rapidly reversible fall in PVR (34%) and mean pulmonary artery pressure (17%). There was a nonsignificant increase in cardiac index but no change in mean arterial pressure or systemic vascular resistance. The mean right atrial pressure fell (27%), but there was no change in pulmonary artery occlusion pressure. Of the seven patients, five responded to inhaled NO (≤40 ppm) with a decrease in total pulmonary resistance of at least 20%.
Conclusions Inhaled NO is an effective and selective pulmonary vasodilator in a significant number of patients with pulmonary hypertension associated with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis. It may be useful in determining the potentially reversible contribution to the increased PVR and should be considered for patients with acute pulmonary vascular crisis.
- Received October 3, 1995.
- Revision received January 16, 1996.
- Accepted January 29, 1996.
- Copyright © 1996 by American Heart Association