Impairment of Endothelium-Dependent Dilation in Rabbit Renal Arteries by Oxidized Lipoprotein(a)
Role of Oxygen-Derived Radicals
This article requires a subscription to view the full text. If you have a subscription you may use the login form below to view the article. Access to this article can also be purchased.
Background Hyperlipoproteinemia is associated with impairment of nitric oxide (NO)–mediated, endothelium-dependent dilation in renal arteries. In the present study, we assessed and compared the effects of human lipoprotein(a) and LDL on endothelium-dependent and -independent dilation in vitro.
Methods and Results Dilator responses were detected in isolated, saline-perfused, preconstricted arterial segments by a photoelectric device. Acetylcholine-induced, endothelium-dependent dilator responses of rabbit renal arteries were not significantly attenuated after 150 minutes of incubation with native lipoprotein(a) (30 and 100 μg/mL). However, exposure to in vitro oxidized lipoprotein(a) (150 minutes, 30 and 100 μg/mL) suppressed acetylcholine-induced dilator responses in a dose-dependent manner. At similar concentrations, native and oxidized LDL had no effect. Endothelium-independent dilations induced by the NO-donor sodium nitroprusside were also impaired by oxidized lipoprotein(a), whereas forskolin-induced dilator responses were unaffected, indicating that smooth muscle dilator capacity was not impaired. Attenuation of dilator responses by oxidized lipoprotein(a) was potentiated in the presence of superoxide dismutase (SOD). The SOD effect was completely blunted by coincubation with catalase (100 U/mL) or deferoxamine. In the absence of SOD, catalase or deferoxamine had no effect on dilator responses. Using a chemiluminescence assay, we could detect increased O2− production by arteries pretreated with oxidized lipoprotein(a), which suggested that enhanced NO inactivation by O2− could be the underlying mechanism for impairment of endothelium-dependent dilations.
Conclusions These data indicate that oxidized lipoprotein(a) impairs endothelium-dependent dilation and is more potent than oxidized LDL in this effect. The mechanism of the impairment may involve formation of O2− and inactivation of NO.
- Received February 14, 1995.
- Accepted March 27, 1995.
- Copyright © 1995 by American Heart Association