Timing and velocity of ejection as major determinants of end-systolic pressure in isolated rabbit hearts.
BACKGROUND Systolic shortening is known to produce muscle deactivation. The present study was designed to analyze whether the velocity and the timing of ejection play a role on end-systolic pressure-volume relations (ESPVR).
METHODS AND RESULTS In isolated rabbit hearts, left ventricular pressure and volume were recorded and digitized, and left ventricular volume was controlled by a servosystem (4-millisecond cycles) to alter the timing of ejection. A significant deficit in end-systolic pressure was observed when ejection was late in systole with respect to earlier ejection. This was associated with a significantly reduced end-systolic elastance. End-systolic pressure of beats with slow ejection was intermediate between that of the beats with early ejection and that of beats with late ejection with a significantly increased end-systolic volume compared with beats with early rapid ejection. The same results were obtained with hypertrophied hearts (abdominal aortic stenosis). Pressure-volume loop areas were significantly increased in beats with slow ejections and with rapid delayed ejections versus early rapid ejections. No change in the positive peak of dP/dt was observed when the timing and the velocity of ejection were modified.
CONCLUSIONS ESPVR is modified by the ejection profile, with a decreased end-systolic pressure and an increased pressure-volume loop area related to the velocity and the amount of shortening during the end-systolic phase. These indices of ventricular function thus must be used with caution when the timing of ejection is altered, and the end-diastolic volume-peak dP/dt relation may be a better index of ventricular function.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association