Relation of regional function, perfusion, and metabolism in patients with advanced coronary artery disease undergoing surgical revascularization.
BACKGROUND Imaging of myocardial glucose metabolism using [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) with positron emission tomography (PET) has been proposed for identification of tissue viability in patients with advanced coronary artery disease. This study was designed to evaluate the predictive value of flow and metabolic imaging for functional recovery after revascularization in myocardial segments of varying degrees of dysfunction.
METHODS AND RESULTS Thirty-seven patients (mean age, 59 +/- 11 years) with coronary artery disease and impaired left ventricular function (ejection fraction, 34 +/- 10%) were studied with PET using FDG and [13N]ammonia before surgical coronary revascularization (3 +/- 1 grafts per patient). Tissue was scintigraphically characterized as normal, nonviable (concordant reduction of perfusion and FDG uptake), viable without discordance of perfusion and metabolism (mildly reduced perfusion and metabolism), or ischemically compromised (mismatch of reduced perfusion and maintained FDG uptake). Functional outcome was assessed by serial radionuclide ventriculography before and at 13 +/- 13 weeks (median interval of 8 weeks) after coronary revascularization. Preoperatively impaired regional wall motion improved significantly in ischemically compromised (mismatch) revascularized segments but not in nonviable myocardium or in viable myocardium without discordance of perfusion and metabolism. The negative predictive value of PET for functional recovery was 86%, whereas the positive predictive value in revascularized regions ranged from 48% to 86% depending on severity of baseline wall motion abnormalities.
CONCLUSIONS PET identifies metabolically active tissue, which benefits from revascularization. Although the negative predictive value of PET for recovery was high, functional improvement of viable but ischemically compromised tissue was less frequent than previously reported. The predictive value of PET was highest in left ventricular segments with severe dysfunction and a mismatch or reduced perfusion but preserved metabolism. Integration of PET, angiographic, and functional data is necessary for the optimal selection of patients with advanced coronary artery disease and impaired left ventricular function for revascularization.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association