Transcatheter ablation of posteroseptal accessory pathways using a venous approach and radiofrequency energy.
BACKGROUND The efficacy of transcatheter ablation of atrioventricular (AV) accessory pathways (APs) located in the posteroseptal region using a right atrial approach and radiofrequency energy was evaluated.
METHODS AND RESULTS Fifty consecutive patients with APs in the posteroseptal region underwent radiofrequency catheter ablation. Manifest preexcitation was present in 36 patients and a concealed AP in 14. In 18 patients (group 1), the ventriculoatrial (VA) interval during orthodromic tachycardia was prolonged by 21 +/- 7 milliseconds (range, 10 to 30 milliseconds) with functional left bundle-branch block. In 16 patients (group 2), functional left bundle-branch block caused no VA interval prolongation. The remaining 16 patients (group 3) had no inducible left bundle-branch block during orthodromic tachycardia. Functional right bundle-branch block was induced in 30 patients with no effect on the VA interval. In group 1, of 14 patients with manifest preexcitation during sinus rhythm, 10 patients had a positive delta wave in lead V1. Of 10 group 2 patients with manifest preexcitation, only 5 had a positive delta wave in lead V1. In group 3, of 12 patients with manifest preexcitation, 7 exhibited a positive delta wave in lead V1. All posteroseptal APs were successfully ablated, and this was achieved via a right atrial approach in 48 patients and left ventricular approach in only 2. Successful sites were at the posteroseptal region of the tricuspid annulus (30 patients), within the terminal 1 cm of the coronary sinus including its ostium (16 patients), and at the inferomedial aspect of the right atrium posterior to the coronary sinus ostium (2 patients). The posteroseptal region of the left ventricle was the site of successful ablation in 2 patients. Six patients with a recurrence of AP conduction required a repeat ablation, with successful results in 5. Thirty-five patients had a complete electrophysiological evaluation 2 to 3 months after their successful ablation and were found to have no functioning AP. In 49 patients with a final successful ablation, no recurrence of symptoms was noted during a mean follow-up period of 12 +/- 9 months. Complications occurring in 3 patients were cardiac tamponade requiring surgical drainage and repair of a right ventricular tear, pericardial effusion with no hemodynamic consequence that spontaneously resolved, and a transient 2:1 atrioventricular block.
CONCLUSIONS These data suggest that posteroseptal APs are amenable to successful ablation using a right atrial approach. Success was achieved in 47 cases (94%) in this series even though the ECG and/or electrophysiological characteristics of the posteroseptal APs of some patients were suggestive of "left-sided" pathways.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association