Global alteration in perfusion response to increasing oxygen consumption in patients with single-vessel coronary artery disease.
BACKGROUND Recent evidence suggests that, in coronary artery disease (CAD), myocardial blood flow (MBF) regulation is abnormal in regions supplied by apparently normal coronary arteries. However, the relation between this alteration and MBF response to increasing metabolic demand has not been fully elucidated.
METHODS AND RESULTS MBF was assessed at baseline, during atrial pacing tachycardia, and after dipyridamole (0.56 mg/kg IV over 4 minutes) in 9 normal subjects and in 24 patients with ischemia on effort, no myocardial infarction, and isolated left anterior descending (n = 19) or left circumflex (n = 5) coronary artery stenosis (> or = 50% diameter narrowing). Perfusion of both poststenotic (S) and normally supplied (N) areas was measured off therapy by positron emission tomography and [13N]ammonia. Normal subjects and CAD patients showed similar rate-pressure products at baseline, during pacing, and after dipyridamole. In CAD patients, MBF was lower in S than in N territories at rest (0.68 +/- 0.14 versus 0.74 +/- 0.18 mL.min-1.g-1, respectively, P < .05), during pacing (0.92 +/- 0.29 versus 1.16 +/- 0.40 mL.min-1.g-1, respectively, P < .01), and after dipyridamole (1.18 +/- 0.34 versus 1.77 +/- 0.71 mL.min-1.g-1, respectively, P < .01). However, normal subjects showed significantly higher values of MBF both at rest (0.92 +/- 0.13 mL.min-1.g-1, P < .05 versus both S and N areas), during pacing tachycardia (1.95 +/- 0.64 mL.min-1.g-1, P < .01 versus both S and N areas), and after dipyridamole (3.59 +/- 0.71 mL.min-1.g-1, P < .01 versus both S and N areas). The percent change in flow was strictly correlated with the corresponding change in rate-pressure product in normal subjects (r = .85, P < .01) but not in either S (r = .04, P = NS) or N regions (r = .08, P = NS) of CAD patients.
CONCLUSIONS Besides epicardial stenosis, further factors may affect flow response to increasing metabolic demand and coronary reserve in patients with CAD.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association