Transcatheter delivery of c-myc antisense oligomers reduces neointimal formation in a porcine model of coronary artery balloon injury.
BACKGROUND Smooth muscle cell proliferation and extracellular matrix accumulation are the principal mechanisms leading to vascular restenosis. We have previously demonstrated the growth-inhibitory effect of antisense oligomers targeting the c-myc proto-oncogene in human smooth muscle cells. The goal of this study was to investigate whether c-myc antisense oligomers reduce neointimal formation in balloon-denuded porcine coronary arteries.
METHODS AND RESULTS First, type I collagen synthesis, which reflects synthetic function, was markedly reduced following c-myc antisense oligomers in porcine vascular smooth muscle cells independent of the growth inhibition. These effects in vitro provided the rationale for assessing c-myc antisense oligomers in the prevention of neointima in vivo. Second, the efficiency of single transcatheter delivery of oligomers into denuded porcine coronary arteries was determined. Despite rapid plasma clearance following local delivery, oligomers persisted at the site of injection for at least 3 days, exceeding by severalfold their concentration in peripheral organs. Third, morphometric analyses were carried out in balloon-denuded coronary arteries at 1 month after transcatheter c-myc antisense oligomer administration. Maximal neointimal area was reduced from 0.80 +/- 0.17 mm2 in the control group (n = 12) to 0.24 +/- 0.06 mm2 in the antisense-treated group (n = 13, P < .01). Likewise, a significant reduction in maximal neointimal thickness was observed in the antisense-treated group (P < .01). These changes in vascular remodeling following denuding injury resulted in an increase in residual lumen from 64 +/- 6% in the control group to 81 +/- 5% in the antisense-treated group (P < .05).
CONCLUSIONS (1) Single transcatheter administration allowed for endoluminal delivery of oligomers to the site of coronary arterial injury. (2) C-myc antisense oligomers reduced the formation of neointima in denuded coronary arteries, implying a therapeutic potential of this approach for the prevention of coronary restenosis. (3) It is postulated that the c-myc proto-oncogene is involved in the process of vascular remodeling, regulating smooth muscle cell proliferation and extracellular matrix synthesis.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association