Magnetic resonance imaging of the iliofemoral arteries after balloon dilation angioplasty of aortic arch obstructions in children.
BACKGROUND We wished to determine the nature and incidence of changes in the iliofemoral arteries after balloon dilation angioplasty (BDA) for aortic arch obstruction in children and to determine the reliability of gradient magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in their detection.
METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty-three children, including 62 with and 1 without arch obstruction, underwent MRI of the iliofemoral vessels. Of these, 36 patients had undergone transfemoral BDA (7 after previous transfemoral diagnostic catheterization), 12 had undergone diagnostic transfemoral catheterization but not BDA, and 15 had no history of femoral arterial catheterization. The iliofemoral arteries were normal on MRI in all 15 children without catheterization. Among the 36 children who had undergone BDA, the ipsilateral iliofemoral artery was normal in 15, mildly narrowing in 7, and severely stenotic or occluded in 14 (39%), including 6 of 9 patients treated for acute femoral artery thrombosis and 8 with no history of femoral artery thrombosis. Two patients had documentation of progressive obstruction. Six patients had concordant conventional angiography. There was a significant correlation between the number of balloon catheters used for the angioplasty and severe occlusive changes. Nine of 19 patients who had undergone diagnostic transfemoral catheterization had severe obstructive changes on MRI; 8 of 9 weighed < 10 kg at catheterization.
CONCLUSIONS Obstructive lesions of the iliofemoral arteries are common after transfemoral BDA of arch obstructions (58%) and can be reliably evaluated with gradient MRI. Catheter size and manipulation are the main contributing factors.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association