Radiofrequency catheter ablation of atriofascicular and nodoventricular Mahaim tracts.
BACKGROUND Several mechanisms have been proposed to explain the pathogenesis of tachycardia in patients with Mahaim tracts. The tachycardia may involve antegrade conduction over an atriofascicular pathway with decremental properties or a nodofascicular pathway.
METHODS AND RESULTS We report six patients with recurrent episodes of preexcited tachycardia with findings consistent with "Mahaim tract" conduction. All patients exhibited decremental antegrade preexcited conduction with atrial pacing and a preexcited tachycardia with initial activation of the proximal right bundle branch. In four patients (group 1), atrial premature complexes (APCs) induced at the tricuspid annulus just after the inscription of the septal atrial electrogram and during left bundle branch block preexcited tachycardia advanced the next preexcited ventricular complex. In these patients, discrete Mahaim potentials were inscribed over the right anterolateral or lateral tricuspid annulus. Two patients (group 2) had evidence of dual atrioventricular nodal conduction. APCs during left bundle branch block tachycardia just after inscription of the septal atrial electrogram failed to advance the next ventricular complex with similar preexcited morphology, and no Mahaim potentials could be recorded from the tricuspid annulus. In group 1 patients, application of radiofrequency energy to sites recording the Mahaim potentials resulted in tachycardia cure. For patients in group 2, selective slow atrioventricular nodal pathway ablation in the midseptal region resulted in complete ablation of both the slow atrioventricular nodal pathway and Mahaim conduction in two patients.
CONCLUSIONS Mahaim tachycardia can be due to atriofascicular pathways, which may be ablated over the right tricuspid annulus, or to septal pathways, which may arise from the slow atrioventricular nodal pathway in patients with dual atrioventricular nodal physiology. In the latter circumstance, successful ablation is achieved by placing the lesion in the midseptal region.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association