Six-month clinical and angiographic follow-up after direct angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction. Final results from the Primary Angioplasty Registry.
BACKGROUND After direct angioplasty in the setting of acute myocardial infarction, patients were followed clinically and angiographically for 6 months at six experienced centers to evaluate outcomes.
METHODS AND RESULTS Of 258 patients with 6-month follow-up after surviving initial hospitalization, 5 (2%) died, 8 (3%) had nonfatal infarctions, 56 (22%) had chest pain, of whom 25 (10%) required hospitalization, and 42 (16%) patients needed repeat angioplasty. Of 203 eligible patients, 154 (76%) had angiographic follow-up. The infarct-related artery remained patent (defined as TIMI 2 or 3 flow) in 87%, while 13% developed reocclusion (TIMI 0 or 1 flow) by 6 months after discharge. Patients with reocclusion were more likely to have adverse events, including 35% with clinically evident reinfarction and 59% requiring repeat angioplasty. The median ejection fraction improvement from acute to follow-up study was 6%, with no improvement in patients with a reoccluded infarct-related artery and an 8% improvement in patients with a patent infarct-related artery.
CONCLUSIONS The positive clinical outcomes recorded immediately after direct angioplasty persisted through 6 months of follow-up. Although the incidence of clinical end points was equivalent to or lower than thrombolytic therapy trials, restenosis is a substantial problem. These findings provide evidence beyond the initial hospitalization that direct angioplasty is a reasonable choice for the treatment of acute myocardial infarction.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association