Alterations in coronary artery vascular reactivity of hypertensive Ren-2 transgenic rats.
BACKGROUND The renin-angiotensin system and endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO) are important regulators of vascular tone. This study was designed to investigate endothelial and vascular smooth muscle function in coronary arteries of Ren-2 transgenic rats.
METHODS AND RESULTS Left anterior descending coronary arteries and aortas were isolated from transgenic rats and Sprague-Dawley control rats at 6 (young) and 12 (adult) weeks of age and examined in myographs or organ chambers for isometric tension recording. Systolic blood pressure was significantly higher in transgenic rats (young, 229 +/- 6 mm Hg; adult, 239 +/- 8 mm Hg) than in control rats (young, 126 +/- 2 mm Hg; adult, 118 +/- 3 mm Hg; P < .005). N omega-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 10(-7) to 10(-4) mol/L) evoked marked endothelium-dependent contractions in coronary arteries (young, 52 +/- 8% of the contraction to 100 mmol/L KCl; adult, 40 +/- 8%) but not aortas (young, 3 +/- 1%; adult, 2 +/- 1%). In coronary arteries, this response was significantly smaller in adult (n = 9) than in young (n = 8, P < .05) control rats. Young transgenic rats (56 +/- 9%, n = 8) showed slightly stronger contractions in response to L-NAME than young control rats (NS), which almost totally disappeared in adult transgenic rats (6 +/- 3%, n = 7; P < .05 versus adult control rats; P < .01 versus young transgenic rats). Endothelium-dependent relaxations in response to acetylcholine (10(-9) to 10(-4) mol/L) were totally blocked by L-NAME (10(-4) mol/L) but were unaffected by the thromboxane receptor antagonist SQ30741 (10(-7) mol/L). This stimulated release of EDNO, endothelium-independent relaxations in response to the nitrovasodilator linsidomine (10(-9) to 10(-5) mol/L), and contractions in response to KCl (100 mmol/L) were comparable in all groups of rats.
CONCLUSIONS Ren-2 transgenic rats develop fulminant hypertension that is associated with a selective decrease in endothelium-dependent contractions in response to L-NAME, whereas endothelium-dependent relaxations in response to acetylcholine as well as smooth muscle function remain unaffected.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association