Cardiorenal and neurohumoral effects of endogenous atrial natriuretic peptide in dogs with severe congestive heart failure using a specific antagonist for guanylate cyclase-coupled receptors.
BACKGROUND To elucidate the extent of the compensatory role of endogenous atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) in severe congestive heart failure (CHF), we examined the changes in hemodynamics and neuroendocrine and renal functions after incremental administration of an ANP antagonist, HS-142-1 (HS), in dogs with CHF.
METHODS AND RESULTS We assessed the effects of HS on the suppression of plasma and urinary cGMP levels as a marker of endogenous ANP activity in dogs without CHF. Bolus injections of 0.3 and 1.0 mg/kg HS reduced plasma cGMP levels to 77% and 60% and urinary cGMP excretion to 78% and 61% of the relevant control levels, respectively. Then the study was performed in dogs with CHF induced by chronic rapid ventricular pacing, and the plasma ANP level was sixfold higher than that in the controls. Hemodynamic, hormonal, and renal variables were determined both before and after subsequent incremental administration (0.3, 1.0, and 3.0 mg/kg every 30 minutes) of HS. HS lowered the plasma and urinary cGMP levels dose dependently to 32% and 37% of the control levels, respectively. Mean arterial, pulmonary capillary wedge, and right atrial pressures and cardiac output did not change significantly. However, plasma renin activity, aldosterone level, and norepinephrine level increased rapidly to 226%, 179%, and 252% of the control values, respectively. Urine flow rate and urinary sodium excretion were significantly inhibited, with no concomitant change in glomerular filtration rate or renal plasma flow.
CONCLUSIONS These findings suggest that endogenous ANP contributes to the suppression of the activation of the renin-aldosterone system and sympathetic nervous activity and body fluid retention but that the vasodilative action of this peptide is attenuated in advanced CHF.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association