Recombinant human superoxide dismutase (h-SOD) fails to improve recovery of ventricular function in patients undergoing coronary angioplasty for acute myocardial infarction.
BACKGROUND Animal studies have demonstrated a burst of oxygen free radical generation after reperfusion of ischemic myocardium that could be blocked by administration of the free radical scavenger recombinant human superoxide dismutase (h-SOD). A multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial was designed to test the hypothesis that free radical-mediated reperfusion injury could be reduced by intravenous administration of h-SOD begun before percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) in patients with acute transmural myocardial infarction.
METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred twenty patients were randomized to receive placebo (n = 59) or h-SOD (n = 61) given as a 10-mg/kg intravenous bolus followed by a 60-minute infusion of 0.2 mg.kg-1.min-1. Left ventricular function was analyzed via paired contrast left ventriculograms performed before PTCA and after 6 to 10 days and paired radionuclide ventriculograms performed within 24 hours of PTCA and after 4 to 6 weeks. Both h-SOD- and placebo-treated patients showed improvement in global and regional left ventricular function after successful reperfusion. Compared with the placebo group, no additional improvement was observed in the patients treated with h-SOD.
CONCLUSIONS The results of this clinical trial failed to demonstrate a beneficial effect of h-SOD on global or regional left ventricular function in patients who underwent successful PTCA for treatment of acute myocardial infarction.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association