Dose-response of chronic beta-blocker treatment in heart failure from either idiopathic dilated or ischemic cardiomyopathy. Bucindolol Investigators.
BACKGROUND Small-scale clinical investigations have demonstrated that single doses of beta-blocking agents can improve left ventricular function in heart failure from idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC). The purpose of this multicenter clinical trial was to determine the dose-effect characteristics of beta-blockade in a heart failure population that includes ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (ISCD).
METHODS AND RESULTS Bucindolol is a nonselective beta-blocking agent with mild vasodilatory properties. One hundred forty-one subjects with class II or III heart failure, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < or = 0.40, and background therapy of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, digoxin, and diuretics were given an initial challenge dose of bucindolol 12.5 mg. One hundred thirty-nine subjects (99 with IDC, 40 with ISCDC) tolerated challenge and were randomized to treatment with placebo or bucindolol 12.5 mg/d (low dose), 50 mg/d (medium dose), or 200 mg/d (high dose). At the end of 12 weeks, left ventricular function and other parameters were measured and compared with baseline values. There was a dose-related improvement in left ventricular function in bucindolol-treated subjects. In the high-dose bucindolol group, radionuclide-measured LVEF improved by 7.8 EF units (%) compared with 1.8 units in the placebo group (P < .05), and compared with the placebo group, a greater percentage of subjects had an increase in LVEF by > or = 5 units. In contrast, all three bucindolol doses prevented deterioration of myocardial function as defined by an LVEF decline of > or = 5 units.
CONCLUSIONS In heart failure from systolic dysfunction, beta-blockade with bucindolol produces a dose-related improvement in and prevents deterioration of left ventricular function.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association