Reconsideration of criteria for the Fontan operation. Influence of pulmonary artery size on postoperative hemodynamics of the Fontan operation.
BACKGROUND The outcome of the Fontan operation largely depends on the selection of patients because this procedure is a physiological correction. Among the several selection criteria for the Fontan operation, the importance of adequate size of the pulmonary artery remains controversial. In this series, in order to clarify whether the pulmonary artery size is indispensable or not as one of the selection criteria for the Fontan operation, we considered the physiological meaning of pulmonary artery size and investigated how it influenced postoperative hemodynamics of the Fontan operation.
METHODS AND RESULTS In congenital heart disease of decreasing pulmonary blood flow, 40 patients were examined for this analysis. Pulmonary artery indexes (cross-sectional area of the right and left pulmonary arteries divided by body surface area) were measured as the expression of pulmonary artery size, and the relations of pulmonary artery index (PAI) to pulmonary vascular resistance (Rp) and compliance (Cp) were studied. There was no significant correlation between PAI and Rp, whereas a significant correlation was found between PAI and Cp (r = .71, P = .001). Furthermore, Cp influenced postoperative hemodynamics of the Fontan operation by affecting the peak central venous pressure (pCVP) and total impedance, which was the afterload to the ventricle. Impedance increased abruptly when PAI was < approximately 100 mm2/m2.
CONCLUSIONS The smaller pulmonary artery size causes more disadvantageous hemodynamics after the Fontan operation, with resultant effects of the rise in pCVP and the increase in afterload to the single ventricle.
- Copyright © 1994 by American Heart Association