Induction of right ventricular hypertrophy with obstructing balloon catheter. Nonsurgical ventricular preparation for the arterial switch operation in simple transposition.
BACKGROUND Recently, a successful result with a rapid two-stage arterial switch operation (ASO) was reported for patients with transposition of the great arteries (TGA) with low left ventricular pressure. In this procedure, the interval between pulmonary arterial banding and ASO was approximately 1 week. This successful result indicates the possibility of a nonsurgical ventricular preparation procedure using an obstructing balloon catheter prior to ASO.
METHODS AND RESULTS A 5F atrioseptostomy catheter was inserted directly into the main pulmonary artery in six lambs aged 20 to 38 days. After the chest was closed, the balloon was inflated twice a day for a period of 2 to 2.5 hours. This procedure was performed for 4 consecutive days. After the final inflation, the ratio of right ventricular weight to total ventricular weight was compared with that in an age-matched control group. After the final inflation, the peak systolic right ventricular pressure and the percentage of peak systolic right ventricular to peak systolic aortic pressure rose to 85.6 +/- 4.7 mm Hg (mean +/- 1 SD) and 79.6 +/- 8.6%, respectively. The percentages of the right ventricular weight to the total ventricular weight were significantly higher after the balloon inflation than those in the control group in terms of wet heart weight (29.5 +/- 1.2% versus 23.0 +/- 1.0%; P < .0001) and dry heart weight (27.0 +/- 2.0% versus 21.0 +/- 1.1%; P < .0001).
CONCLUSIONS The myocardial mass in the right ventricle increased after 4 days of intermittently applied pressure overload. Nonsurgical preparation of the ventricle for ASO in TGA is feasible.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association